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Cytotoxic Waste Proper Disposal through Sharpsafe Containers

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Primary Composition of Cytotoxic Waste and Its Proper Disposal through Sharpsafe Containers

08 May 2023

Using Sharpsafe containers is only one of the most common methods that can be utilised by the medical industry in disposing of and handling cytotoxic waste.

Waste tends to accumulate quickly in landfills. Hence, properties need to manage waste materials properly before sending them to landfills as some of them may be toxic not just to the environment but also to communities.

One type of waste that should be handled properly is cytotoxic waste. Cytotoxic waste is defined as waste materials that have been contaminated with toxic substances. These materials can be destructive to living cells as they are comprised of hazardous chemicals, drugs, and others often utilised in healthcare facilities. Failure to manage and dispose them of properly will only lead to potential danger to human health and the environment.

Primary Composition of Cytotoxic Waste

Cytotoxic waste is often comprised of the following elements.

• Chemotherapy drugs: Chemotherapy drugs are the primary components of cytotoxic waste. They are used to treat cancer and other diseases that can be highly toxic to living cells. They are classified as hazardous waste and must be handled and disposed of appropriately to prevent harming people.

• Contaminated Sharps: Needles and other sharps used in the preparation and administration of chemotherapy drugs are also considered cytotoxic waste. They must be disposed of in puncture-resistant containers to prevent needle-stick injuries.

• Spill Clean-up Materials: Any materials used to clean up spills or leaks of cytotoxic drugs or other hazardous chemicals are also part of the cytotoxic waste. They must be handled in accordance with regulations governing hazardous waste to avoid any issues.

• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): PPE like gloves, gowns, and masks used during the preparation and administration of chemotherapy drugs are also considered cytotoxic waste. Disposing of them correctly can minimise the potential of people to be exposed to hazardous chemicals, drugs, and other elements.

Disposing of Cytotoxic Waste Properly

To avoid the dangers of cytotoxic waste, its materials should be disposed of properly. Here are some helpful ways in disposing of cytotoxic waste.

• Segregate Cytotoxic Waste: Proper segregation of cytotoxic waste is vital to minimise exposure to hazardous chemicals. Containers used to store cytotoxic waste must be clearly labelled and colour-coded with appropriate markings to indicate their contents.

• Utilise Dedicated Containers: All cytotoxic waste should be disposed of in a dedicated container designed for this purpose. The container must be puncture-resistant, leak-proof, and labelled with appropriate hazard warnings. It must also allow the safe transport of cytotoxic waste, preventing any spills or leaks. Sharpsafe containers, for instance, feature all these qualities, making them a perfect fit for handling cytotoxic waste.

• Incinerate Cytotoxic Waste: The waste is burned at high temperatures to destroy any hazardous chemicals. This process should only be carried out by a licensed hazardous waste management facility.

• Treat with Chemicals: Some hazardous elements can be treated with chemicals to neutralise their toxicity. It is typically used for small quantities of hazardous waste.

Cytotoxic waste is hazardous waste generated in healthcare facilities due to the use of chemotherapy drugs and other hazardous chemicals. Proper disposal of cytotoxic waste is essential to protect human health and the environment. It should always be done per regulations governing hazardous waste.